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 What “mild increases” in kidney biomarkers mean for the patient and practitioner?

Learning Objectives:

  • Revisit foundational kidney physiology with specific focus on glomerular filtrations rate, and surrogate kidney biomarkers;
  • Recognize how to individualize reference intervals for patients;
  • Review new data that explains the importance and clinical role of “mild increases” in kidney biomarkers, and learn the clinical implications of these mild increases;
  • Use case examples to provide insight into how to utilize mild increases in practice.


Rebekah Mack (BS, DVM, DACVIM–SAIM)

View Biography